Technology

Looking to obtain ‘DRONE’ Pilot License for Indian Airspace?

1. REMOTE PILOT TRAINING REQUIREMENTS

1.1.  Remote pilot shall have attained 18 years of age, having passed 10th exam in English, and undergone ground/ practical training.

1.2. The ground training shall be obtained at any DGCA approved Flying Training Organization (FTO), and include the following theory subjects:

a) Basic Radio Telephony (RT) techniques including knowledge of radio frequencies.

b) Flight Planning and ATC procedures.

c) Regulations specific to area of operations.

d) Basic knowledge of principles of flight and aerodynamics for fixed wing, rotary wing, and hybrid aircraft.

e) Airspace Structure and Airspace Restrictions with knowledge of No Drone Zones

f) Basic Aviation Meteorology.

1.3. The practical training shall comprise of RPA in flight having live component, and/ or simulated flight training to demonstrate control of RPA throughout its operating conditions, including safe recovery during emergencies and system malfunction. Minimum syllabus and curriculum for training capsule for Remote Pilot is given below.

1.4. The requirements contained in Para 1.1 through 1.3 of this CAR are not applicable for Nano and Micro category RPA pilots intending to operate in uncontrolled airspace. However, the owner and user shall be fully aware of responsibilities for all aspects of flight safety during such operations.

BLOCK SYLLABUS FOR TRAINING CAPSULE – 05 WORKING DAYS

      No. Subjects                                                                                 No. of  Classes

     Theory Classes: 11

  1. Regulations of DGCA                                                                                            01
  2. Basic Principles of Flight                                                                                     01
  3. ATC Procedures & Radio Telephony                                                                  01
  4. Fixed wing Operations/Aerodynamics                                                             01
  5. Multi rotor Operations/Aerodynamics                                                             01
  6. Weather & Meteorology                                                                                      01
  7. Drone equipment and maintenance                                                                01
  8. Emergency Identification & handling                                                              01
  9. Payload installation & utilization                                                                      01
  10. Image/Video interpretation                                                                                01
  11. Final Test Theory                                                                                                  01

Practical Training: 24

  1. Flight Simulator training                                                                                   08
  2. Practical lessons in Lab                                                                                      01
  3. Practical flying lessons                                                                                       15

        Total Training: 35

DETAILED CURRICULUM FOR TRAINING CAPSULE – 05 WORKING DAYS

  Day 01:

  Regulations of DGCA , Civil Aviation Requirements (01 Class)

  1. Classification
  2. Basic Air Regulations
  3. Salient points
  4. Do’s and Don’ts

 Basic principles of flight (01 Class)

  1. Fundamentals of flight
  2. Aerodynamics
  3. Take-off, flight, and landing
  4. Maneuvers, turns and circuit pattern

ATC procedures & Radio Telephony (01 Class)

  1. Understanding ATC operations
  2. Airspace Structure and Airspace Restrictions with knowledge of No Drone Zones
  3. Communicating with ATC including Position and Altitude Reporting
  4. Flight Planning Procedures
  5. Collision avoidance
  6. Radio Telephony (RT) techniques
  7. Standard radio terminology and RT Phraseology
  8. Practice Session in Radio Communication

Fixed wing operations and aerodynamics (01 Class)

  1. Types of fixed wing drones, make, parts and terminology
  2. Operation and maneuvers of fixed wing drones
  3. Applications and operations
  4. Advantages/disadvantages over multi rotor drones

Multi rotor introduction (01 Class)

  1. Basic drone terminology
  2. Types of drones, material used and size of drones
  3. Motors and propellers
  4. Electronic Speed Controller (ESC), flight controllers
  5. Operation and Applications of drones
  6. Advantages/disadvantages over multi rotor drones

Weather and meteorology (01 Class)

  1. The standard atmosphere
  2. Measuring air pressure
  3. Heat and temperature
  4. Wind
  5. Moisture, cloud formation
  6. Met Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR)

Drone equipment maintenance (01 Class)

  1. Maintenance of drone, flight control box, ground station
  2. Maintenance of ground equipment, batteries and payloads
  3. Scheduled servicing
  4. Repair of equipment
  5. Fault finding and rectification

Day 02:

Emergency identification and handling (01 Class)

  1. In flight emergencies
  2. Loss of link
  3. Fly-aways (Straying)
  4. Loss of power
  5. Control surface failures

Payload, installation and utilization (01 Class)

  1. Types of payloads
  2. Parts of payloads
  3. Installation
  4. Features of payloads
  5. Utilization

Image and video interpretation (01 Class)

  1. Principles of observation
  2. Interpretation of image/video
  3. Analysis

Final test

  1. Theory (40 min)

Introduction to flight simulator (01 Class)

  1. Basic operating features of simulator
  2. How to select different aircraft and aerodromes
  3. Demo flight

Flight simulator training (02 Classes)

  1. Pre-flight checks and start-up
  2. Preparation cum coordination for flight
  3. Take-off and flight stage
  4. Approach and landing
  5. After flight checks

Day 03:

Flight simulator training (05 Classes)

  1. Pre-flight checks and start-up
  2. Preparation cum coordination for flight
  3. Take-off and flight stage
  4. Approach and landing
  5. After flight checks

Practical lessons in Lab (01 Class)

  1. Assembling of drone
  2. De-assembling
  3. Integration of sub-sections/ modules
  4. Integration of engine/propulsion system
  5. Fault finding and rectification
  6. Repair maintenance and documentation

Practical flying with instructor (01 Class)

Day 04:

  1. Practical flying with instructor/solo flying (full day)

Day 05:

  1. Practical flying with instructor/solo flying (full day)

 

Note: Above syllabus is taken from the DGCA official website. To verify, Please go through the DGCA Official Website  

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